Scientific name - Zingiber officinale
Other name - Sanskrit - Srngaveram
Tamil - Inchi
Malayalam - Inchi (Inji)
Ginger is an underground rhizome of the plant ‘Zingiber officinale’. In Ayurvedic medicine, ginger is regarded as an excellent carminative (a substance which promotes the elimination of intestinal gas) and Intestinal spasmolytic ( Relaxes the Intestinal tract).
Raw ginger is composed of 79% water 18% Carbohydrate, 2% Protein and 1% fat in 100 grams .
Volatile oils like zingerone, gingerots and shogaols constitute 1 - 3 % 0f the weight of fresh ginger.
Ginger has a sialagogue action ‘stimulating the production of saliva’.
‘Gingerol’ has anti - inflammatory properties and is seen effective for rheumatoid arthritis in an animal model.
‘Shogaol’ and gingerol is useful in reducing blood pressure.