Concepts and practices of yoga originated in India several thousand years ago. Its founders were great saints and sages. Yoga is one among the six systems of Indian philosophy or phst. Maharishi Patanjali, rightly called "The Father of Yoga" compiled and refined various aspects of yoga systematically in his "yoga sutras". He advocated the eight fold path of yoga popularly known as "Ashtanga yoga" for all around developement of human personality. They are :- Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana, and Samadhi. These steps are belived to have a potential for improvement of physical health by encouraging better circulation of oxygenated blood in the body, retraining the sense organs and thereby inducing tranquility and serenity of mind. Yoga is a discipline to improve or develop one's inherent powers in a balanced manner. It offer's the means to reach complete self realization.
It is the most useful and popular mode of yogic exercise which briefly bestows the benefits of Asanas, Pranayamas and Mudras altogether.
These are special patterns of postures that stabilize the mind and the body through static stretching.
These practices bring control over the respiratory impulses, which form one of the channels of the flow of Autonomic newe impulses. The main purpose of Pranayama is to gain control over the Autonomic Nervous system and through its influence the mental function is also controlled and regulated.
These are locks and holds of the semi-voluntary and involuntary muscles in the body. They decongest the vital organs improve circulation and nutrition by pressure manipulations and contribute to general health and emotional stability.
These are purificatory processes usually classified in to six divisions and therefore they are often called Shatkriyas. These are...
Each one which consists of many subsections. They increase the range of adaptability of the tissues forming various organs and systems and raise the threshold of their reactivity. Kriyas bring control on different reflexes and establish psycho-physiclogical balance.
This is the practice involving control of the mental functions, which start from the initial withdrawl of the senses from external objects, to complete oblivion of the external environment. It is a process of absorption in which the individual tries to turn his attention to dwell upon a single object, sound, concept or experience.